Primary education has been free in Kenya since 2003. However the reality of a government funded education for over 6 million pupils in more than 20,000 primary schools is that limited financial resources are spread very thinly when faced with the demands of employing sufficient teachers, providing adequate resources and investing in facilities and infrastructure.
In schools, particularly those in rural areas, this manifests itself in high class numbers, dilapidated and cramped classrooms, and an acute shortage of even the most basic learning resources. Furthermore, pupil welfare suffers in the face of unhygienic sanitation facilities, a lack of clean drinking water and the absence of feeding programmes.
These challenges have a severe impact on absenteeism and drop-out, the quality of teaching and learning, and ultimately of course on academic attainment and the performance of pupils in secondary school entry exams. Indeed many children leave school entirely illiterate and inumerate.
Shortage of teachers
Annual spending per pupil
Average class size